Follow Basic Law on Jactitation of marriage

Jactitation of marriage, often referred to as “jactitation” in legal contexts, is a term that might not be as familiar as more mainstream legal issues like divorce or property disputes. However, it’s a crucial legal concept that deals with false claims of marriage and their potential consequences. In this article, we will explore what jactitation of marriage is, how it works, and its significance in legal matters.

What is Jactitation of Marriage?

Jactitation of marriage is a legal term that refers to a false assertion or boast of being married to someone when, in fact, no lawful marriage between the parties exists. This concept primarily deals with situations where one person falsely claims to be married to another, leading to potential legal complications.

The Elements of Jactitation

To prove a case of jactitation of marriage, certain key elements need to be established:

False Assertion: There must be a clear and false assertion or statement by one party that they are married to another individual. This can be verbal or written.

Publicity: The false assertion must be made publicly or to a third party. It’s not enough for someone to simply claim in private that they are married to another person.

Lack of Valid Marriage: It must be proven that there is no valid and lawful marriage between the parties involved. This could be due to a lack of legal formalities, such as a marriage license, or a previous divorce not being finalized.

Significance in Legal Matters

Jactitation of marriage holds importance for several reasons:

Protecting Legal Rights: False claims of marriage can have significant legal implications, especially in areas such as inheritance, property rights, and benefits, where marital status is a determining factor.

Preventing Fraud: Jactitation claims help prevent individuals from fraudulently asserting they are married to someone for personal gain or to exploit legal benefits.

Protecting Reputation: It safeguards the reputation and legal status of individuals who might be falsely accused of being in a marriage they are not part of.

Family Law: In family law cases, establishing jactitation of marriage can be crucial when determining issues like child custody and support.

Legal Remedies

If jactitation of marriage is proven, there are several legal remedies that can be pursued, including:

Declaratory Judgment: A court may issue a declaratory judgment stating that the marriage claim is false and has no legal effect.

Injunction: The court may issue an injunction preventing the party making the false claim from continuing to do so.


Damages: In some cases, the party who was the victim of the false claim may seek damages for any harm or losses suffered as a result of the jactitation.

Annulment: In some jurisdictions, a party may seek an annulment of the marriage if the false assertion was a part of an attempt to establish a legal marriage.


Jactitation of marriage is a legal concept that safeguards the integrity of marital claims and protects individuals from false assertions of marriage. By establishing the falseness of such claims, the legal system aims to prevent fraud and protect the rights and reputation of individuals. Understanding this concept is essential for anyone involved in legal matters related to marriage and family law.

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